Even though Lihue is the county seat of Kauai, it is not the largest town on the island. Its population (5,674) is quite a bit less than Kapaa (about 9,472), the island's main residential area.
Wailua, Anahola, Waimea and Hanalei are other smaller towns. The main tourist areas on Kauai are around Poipu, Princeville and Kapaa. The island's north shore, where the Na Pali Coast is located, is undeveloped since it is difficult to access.